Welcome to my world, 'ente lokam'!

I, N Santhosh, invite all of you to my world, 'en lokam'. Hope you all find something worth watching, or reading here. Enjoy!

Thursday, October 14, 2010

TATA comes with ARIYA

TATA Motors is coming now with its utility vehicle Aria. It was unveiled at the Auto Expo in New Delhi recently. Aria is a crossover between a sports utility vehicle and a multi-utility vehicle.
Two years back, TATA introduced Nano, the world’s cheapest car. Now the highest prized vehicle. Aria offers robust performance with comfort due to its unique design. The interiors of the car offer three rows of theatre style seating, 3D surround sound, dimming roof lamps, built in GPS and a state-of-the-art infotainment system. The vehicle is also equipped with multi functional steering wheel, air conditioning with automatic climate control and cruise control. Top version of Aria comes with 6 airbags as well.
Aria in a sense looks like Toyoto Innova. It may compete in the market with Innova, Stylo etc. But aactually this is bigger than Innova. Let’s hope that TATA will do wonders in this area also.

India Stood at Second in Delhi Commonwealth Games

Saina Nehwal's badminton victory handed India their 38th gold medal, one more than England's tally of 37, as English badminton players lost three finals. Australia topped the medals table at a canter, winning 74 gold medals. Scotland's nine golds placed them 10th, Northern Ireland's three boxing titles earned them 13th, and Wales came 15th.
In the final action of the 2010 Commonwealth Games, Nehwal overcame another Malaysian in her women's singles final - coming from behind to defeat Wong Mew Choo 19-21 23-21 21-13 - and, with that, India reached 38 gold medals and second place. The hosts finish the 2010 Commonwealth Games with 101 medals overall.
Gold medals and total medals won:
1. Australia 74 gold, 177 overall
2. India 38, 101
3. England 37, 141
4. Canada 26, 75
5. South Africa 12, 33
10. Scotland 9, 26
13. Northern Ireland 3, 10
10. Wales 2, 19

Wednesday, October 13, 2010

Booker Prize to Howard Jacobson

Howard Jacobson, a British author and a former Wolverhampton Polytechnic teacher has won the prestigious Man Booker Prize for his latest novel. He bagged the prize and its £50,000 award for his comic novel ‘The Finkler Question.’
The 58-year-old said it was his four years in Wolverhampton in the 1980s that inspired him to write his first book, ‘Coming from Behind’, a comedy about a failing polytechnic that tries to merge with a local football team. He once said the town was “dull and boring” but then some years later went on to say: “It seems to have improved quite a bit – probably because everywhere else has got worse.”
‘Coming From Behind’ included a scene about teaching in a football stadium. The University of Wolverhampton still has some classrooms like that. Jacobson had been longlisted for the prize twice previously, but had never before been shortlisted.
He has written 15 novels and he is also a writer and columnist.

India wins over Australia to bag the Test Series

India once again proved to be a tough nut to crack for the Aussies! With an emphatic seven wicket win over the Australians, India clinched the Test series 2-0.Cheteshwar Pujara has not been part of India's rise to the No. 1 Test ranking but he could help determine how long they stay there, after his outstanding 72 on debut set up the fabulous win. The hosts cruised to their target of 207 to confirm the series triumph. With this defeat Australia slid to fifth of the ICC rankings for the first time.
When Virender Sehwag fell early in the chase, the match seemed to be heading for similar drama to the final day in Mohali. There was the veteran VVS Laxman to drag his side over the line. But here the case was different and without tension due to the work of Pujara, who was in his first Test but showed the kind of confidence expected from an old hand. He produced a wonderfully positive half-century on debut to push India to the brink of victory at tea on the final day in Bangalore. Although Pujara fell for 72, he had already set up what will certainly become a 2-0 series triumph for the hosts, who went in to the break needing a further 22 runs with seven wickets in hand.
India's two most experienced men were at the crease hoping to guide the chase to its conclusion. The little master and first-innings double-centurion Sachin Tendulkar and Rahul Dravid, who was bumped down to No. 5 to promote Pujara. Australia made two breakthroughs after lunch but the runs flowed too freely. Captain Dhoni once again has colourful feathers of wins in his cap.

Tuesday, October 12, 2010

Sachin Tendulkar hit sixth double hundred!!!

Indian batting icon Sachin Tendulkar completed his sixth double hundred in Test cricket, adding to the mountain of runs he has accumulated in his over two-decade career.

Tendulkar continued to grind the Australian bowling attack on the fourth day of the second and final Test in Bangalore. Tendulkar, who was unbeaten on 191 at the end of the third day's play, reached the landmark in the sixth over of the day. This is Tendulkar's second double century against Australia, the first one being an unbeaten 241 in Sydney in January 2004. On the second day of the Test, Tendulkar had passed 14,000 Test runs.
Tendulkar is the only batsman in the world to hit a double century in ODI cricket. Tendulkar is the only man to post 1,000 runs in a calendar year on six occasions -- with Ricky Ponting, Matthew Hayden and Brian Lara hitting this milestone five times. His superb knock took Tendulkar's aggregate for the year so far to 1194 runs at an average of 99.5. On Day 3, Tendulkar wrote another record by his name by making a 150-plus score for the record 20th time, surpassing Brian Lara's 19. He also became only the third batsman, after David Gower and Jack Hobbs to score 3000 Test runs against Australia.
Tendulkar now has 95 international centuries, including 46 in ODIs. We shall his 50th Test century in the three-Test series against New Zealand ends next month.

See Sachin in detail

India wins non-permanent seat at UNSC

India has won a non-permanent seat at the United Nations Security Council (UNSC ) after years of intense diplomatic canvassing. India got 187 votes in the 192-member UN General Assembly, which met on 12th October 2010.
India was standing unopposed for the Asia seat after the only other contestant in this category, Kazakhstan, withdrew from the race in December last year. Each non-permanent country stays on the council for two years, alongside the permanent powers: Britain, China, France, Russia and the United States, who have the right to veto any council resolution.
Now India would be looking at a claim for a permanent seat when serious negotiations begin for expanding the Security Council next year. Germany too made it to the Security Council. Had Germany lost, it would have been a setback for India because G-4, which wants the Security Council expansion, are all in UNSC now and can work together.

2010 Nobel Prizes Declared

Learn Everything about Nobel Prize

Nobel Prize Official Website

2010 Nobel Prize for Physics

Two Russian-born scientists based at the University of Manchester in the UK shared the 2010 Nobel Prize for Physics. The honour is for their “groundbreaking” work on a material with amazing properties.
Andrei Geim, 51, and Konstantin Novoselov, 36, have been announced as the winners of the 900,000 pounds (10 million Swedish Kronor) prize for their research on graphene. A thin flake of ordinary carbon, just one atom thick, lies behind the prize. The two experts have shown that carbon in such a flat form has exceptional properties that originate from the remarkable world of quantum physics, a release from the Nobel committee said. Graphene is a form of carbon. As a material it is completely new - not only the thinnest ever but also the strongest. As a conductor of electricity it performs as well as copper. As a conductor of heat it outperforms all other known materials.
It is almost completely transparent, yet so dense that not even helium, the smallest gas atom, can pass through it. Carbon, the basis of all known life on earth. Geim and Novoselov extracted the graphene from a piece of graphite such as is found in ordinary pencils. Using regular adhesive tape they managed to obtain a flake of carbon with a thickness of just one atom. This at a time when many believed it was impossible for such thin crystalline materials to be stable.
However, with graphene, physicists can now study a new class of two-dimensional materials with unique properties. Graphene makes experiments possible that give new twists to the phenomena in quantum physics. Also a vast variety of practical applications now appear possible including the creation of new materials and the manufacture of innovative electronics.
Graphene transistors are predicted to be substantially faster than today’s silicon transistors and result in more efficient computers.
Since it is practically transparent and a good conductor, graphene is suitable for producing transparent touch screens, light panels, and maybe even solar cells. When mixed into plastics, graphene can turn them into conductors of electricity while making them more heat resistant and mechanically robust. This resilience can be utilised in new super strong materials, which are also thin, elastic and lightweight. In the future, satellites, airplanes, and cars could be manufactured out of the new composite materials.

Nobel prize for medicine

Robert Edwards

British physiologist Robert Edwards, whose work led to the first “test-tube baby”, won the 2010 Nobel prize for medicine or physiology. Edwards, 85, won the prize of 10 million Swedish crowns. ”His achievements have made it possible to treat infertility, a medical condition afflicting a large proportion of humanity including more than 10 percent of all couples worldwide,” the institute said in a statement. 
Robert Edwards began his work in 1955. By 1968 he was able to achieve fertilization of the human egg in the laboratory and started to collaborate with Patrick Steptoe. Edwards developed human culture media to allow the fertilization and early embryo culture, while Steptoe utilized laparoscopy to recover ovocytes from patients with tubal infertility. 
Edwards pioneered a field that has touched millions of lives, as infertility afflicts more than 3.5 percent of the world population. He and his colleague Patrick Steptoe, who died in 1988, marched forward against tremendous opposition from churches, governments, and the media, as well as intense scepticism from scientific colleagues. As a result of their efforts, well over 4 million babies have been born to parents who otherwise would have failed to conceive children. 
The birth of Louise Brown, the first “ test tube baby” in July 1978 heralded the beginning of a new field of medicine. Because medical practitioners can now inject a single sperm into an egg, infertile men as well as infertile women can have children. 
Robert Geoffrey Edwards was born in September 1925. After finishing Manchester Central High School, he served at the University College of North Wales (UCNW) in Bangor, but soon realized that he was interested not so much in plants but rather in animal reproduction and transferred to the Department of Zoology and received his B.Sc. in 1951 from UCNW; in 1962 the same institution offered him the degree of DSc. 
He received his Ph.D. in 1955. In 1963 he joined Cambridge University. In 1968 he attended a lecture at the Royal Society of Medicine in London given by Patrick Steptoe, a gynaecologist, describing laparoscopy, a surgical technique that could give access to the ovaries, enabling the retrieval of eggs in order to be fertilized in vitro. Their collaboration started in 1968 and 10 years later Louise Brown was born. 
Edwards co-founded one of the first IVF clinics in the world at Bourn Hall, Cambridge in 1980. That same year, one “test tube baby” was born in the United States. In 1990, the number rose to 4,000 in the US, and in 1998, it reached 28,500. In 2001 he was awarded the Albert Lasker Clinical Medical Research Award by the Lasker Foundation “for the development of in vitro fertilization. 

2010 Nobel Prize in chemistry

American Richard Heck and Japanese researchers Ei-ichi Negishi and Akira Suzuki won the 2010 Nobel Prize in chemistry for developing a chemical method that has allowed scientists to make medicines and better electronics. 
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences said the award honours their development of palladium-catalyzed cross couplings in organic systems. The academy called that one of the most sophisticated tools available to chemists today, and one that is used by researchers worldwide and in commercial production of pharmaceuticals and molecules used to make electronics. 
Heck, 79, is a professor emeritus at the University of Delaware. Negishi, 75, is a chemistry professor at Purdue University in West Lafayette, Indiana, and 80-year-old Suzuki is a professor at Hokkaido University in Sapporo, Japan. Officials at Hokkaido University were delighted by the news. 
The method has been used to artificially produce discodermolide, a cancer-killing substance first found in marine sponges, the academy said in its citation. It added that no cancer drug based on the substance has been developed yet. 

2010 Nobel Prize in literature

Mario Vargas Llosa, a Peruvian, one of the most acclaimed writers in the Spanish-speaking world, won the 2010 Nobel Prize in literature. 
The Swedish Academy said it honored the 74-year-old author “for his cartography of structures of power and his trenchant images of the individual’s resistance, revolt and defeat.” 
Vargas Llosa has written more than 30 novels, plays and essays, including “Conversation in the Cathedral” and “The Green House.” In 1995, he was awarded the Cervantes Prize, the Spanish-speaking world’s most distinguished literary honor. 
His international breakthrough came with the 1960s novel “The Time of The Hero.” Vargas Llosa is the first South American winner of the prestigious Nobel Prize in literature since it was awarded to Colombian writer Gabriel Garcia Marquez in 1982. 

2010 Nobel Peace Prize

Imprisoned Chinese dissident Liu Xiaobo has won the 2010 Nobel Peace Prize for “his long and non-violent struggle for fundamental human rights in China” — a prize likely to enrage the Chinese Government, which warned the Nobel committee not to hono ur him. 
The Norwegian Nobel Committee Chairman, Mr Thorbjoern Jagland, said Mr Liu Xiaobo was a symbol for the fight for human rights in China. “China has become a big power in economic terms as well as political terms, and it is normal that big powers should be under criticism,” Mr Jagland said. 
It was the first Nobel for the Chinese dissident community since it resurfaced after the country’s communist leadership launched economic, but not political reforms three decades ago. The win could jolt a current debate among the leadership and the elite over whether China should begin democratic reforms and if so how quickly. Unlike some in China’s highly fractured and persecuted dissident community, Mr Liu has been an ardent advocate for peaceful, gradual political change, rather than a violent confrontation with the government.

2010 Nobel economics prize

Two Americans and a British-Cypriot economist won the 2010 Nobel economics prize for developing a theory that helps explain why many people can remain unemployed despite a large number of job vacancies. 
Federal Reserve board nominee Peter Diamond was honoured along with Dale Mortensen and Christopher Pissarides with the 10 million Swedish kronor ($1.5 million) prize for their analysis of the obstacles that prevent buyers and sellers from efficiently pairing up in markets. 
Mr. Diamond — a former mentor to current Federal Reserve chairman Ben Bernanke — analysed the foundations of so-called search markets, while Mr. Mortensen and Mr. Pissarides expanded the theory and applied it to the labour market. 
Since searching for jobs takes time and resources, it creates frictions in the job market, helping explain why there are both job vacancies and unemployment simultaneously, the academy said. 
Mr. Diamond, 70, is an economist at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and an authority on Social Security, pensions and taxation. 
President Barack Obama has nominated Mr. Diamond to become a member of the Federal Reserve. However, the Senate failed to approve his nomination before lawmakers left to campaign for the midterm congressional elections. 
Mr. Bernanke was one of Mr. Diamond’s students at MIT. When Mr. Bernanke turned in his doctoral dissertation back in 1979, one of the people he thanked was Mr. Diamond for being generous with his time and reading and discussing Mr. Bernanke’s work. 
Mr. Pissarides, a 62-year-old professor at the London School of Economics, told The Associated Press that the win was “a complete surprise“.