Having a BEd degree will no longer be enough to become a school teacher. Concerned over the dipping standards of teaching, aspiring teachers will now have to pass an eligibility test, and score at least 60% in the examination.
The Teacher Eligibility Test (TET) is a mandatory requirement for securing a teaching job in schools -- private, government, aided or unaided. TET will be conducted once a year separately by the state governments as well as the Centre.
In case, a state decides not to conduct the test, schools in that state/Union Territory will take into account the test conducted by the Central government. Validity of qualifying certificate will be decided by the state government/UT/Centre subject to the condition that it cannot be more than seven years. There is no bar on the number of attempts by an aspiring teacher for obtaining a TET certificate. Moreover, an aspirant can appear again to improve the score.
National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE) will maintain the database, and be the repository of experts and resources that will be shared with state governments/UTs.
TET will have two papers with multiple-choice questions (MCQs). Paper I will be for those intending to become teachers for classes I-V. Paper II will be for those aspiring to teach between classes VI and VIII. Those interested in teaching from Class I to VIII will have to appear for both the papers.
For Paper I, candidates will be tested on five subjects-child development and pedagogy, language I (the medium of instruction) and language II (chosen from a list other than language I), mathematics and environmental studies.
Each section will have 30 questions of one mark each. Questions on child development and pedagogy will focus on educational psychology of teaching. Emphasis will be laid on understanding the characteristics and needs of diverse learners. Questions on language I and II will focus on proficiency, elements of language, communication and comprehension abilities. MCQs on mathematics and environmental studies will focus on concepts and problem solving abilities.
Paper II will have three compulsory sections on child development and pedagogy, language I and II. For mathematics and science teachers, there will be 60 MCQs of one mark each. For social studies teachers, there will be 60 MCQs of one mark each.