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India’s national anthem – ‘Jana Gana Mana’ turned 100 years old on December 27, 2011. Exactly 100 years since ‘Jana Gana Mana’ was first performed at the Calcutta Session of the Indian National Congress. It was on December 27, 1911. The Constituent Assembly adopted ‘Jana Gana Mana’ as the national anthem on January 24, 1950.
A formal rendition of the national anthem takes 52 seconds. According to the government rulebook, whenever the anthem is sung or played, the audience has to stand to attention. However, when in the course of a newsreel or documentary the anthem is played as a part of the film, it is not expected of the audience to stand.