The Nobel Prize in Physics 2012 was awarded jointly to Frenchman Serge Haroche and American David J. Wineland "for ground-breaking experimental methods that enable measuring and manipulation of individual quantum systems". These two work in the field of quantum optics, which deals with the interaction between light and matter.
|David J. Wineland|
Haroche and Wineland, both 68, are awarded for inventing and developing methods for observing tiny quantum particles without destroying them. The discovery may pave way to building a new type of super fast computer based on quantum physics.
Serge Haroche was born on11 September 1944 in Casablanca, Morocco. Since 2001, Haroche has been a Professor at the College de France and holds the Chair of Quantum Physics. Haroche is member of the French Physical Society, the European Physical society and a fellow and member of the American Physical Society. He is the uncle of French singer–songwriter and actor Raphael Haroche.
David Jeffrey Wineland was born on February 24, 1944. He is a physicist at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) physics laboratory in Boulder. Wineland is a fellow of the American Physical society, the American Optical society, and was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1992.